It's been one year since the Supreme Court's decision in Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank. On its face the opinion was relatively conservative, cautioning courts to "tread carefully" before invalidating patents, and emphasizing that the primary concern was to avoid preemption of "fundamental building blocks" of human ingenuity.  The Court specifically avoided any suggestion that software or business methods were presumptively invalid.  But those concerns seem to have gone unheeded.  The Court's attempt to sidestep the tricky problem of defining the boundary of an exception to patent eligibility—"we need not labor to delimit the precise contours of the "abstract ideas category in this case""—has turned into the very mechanism that is quickly "swallow[ing] all of patent law.” The federal courts, the Patent Trial and Appeal Board, and the USPTO are using the very lack of a definition to liberally expand the contours of abstract ideas to cover everything from computer animation to database architecture to digital photograph management and even to safety systems for automobiles.

Let's look at the numbers to present an accurate picture of the implications of the Supreme Court’s decision. My analysis is a data-driven attempt to assess the implications of Alice one year out. It is with an understanding of how the Supreme Court’s decision is actually playing out in the theater of innovation that we can better project and position ourselves for what the future holds.

Alice at Court

Table 0 Fed Courts

As of June 19, 2015 there have been 106 Federal Circuit and district court decisions on § 101 grounds, with 76 decisions invalidating the patents at issue in whole or in part.  In terms of patents and claims, 65% of challenged patents have been found invalid, along with 76.2% of the challenged claims. 


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By: Robert R. Sachs

Alice Corp. v. CLS Bank is out and the result is not unexpected:

1) Alice's patents for computer-implemented methods and systems for financial risk intermediation are invalid.

2) The patents claim abstract idea, but the Court will not "labor to delimit the precise contours of the "abstract ideas" category." That leaves unanswered the primary problem that has plagued the lower courts, identifying in a particular case whether the claims recite an abstract idea. As Judge Lourie said in his plurality opinion below, "deciding whether or not a particular claim is abstract can feel subjective and unsystematic, and the debate often trends toward the metaphysical, littered with unhelpful analogies and generalizations." CLS Bank v. Alice Corp, 717 F.3rd 1269, 1277. Today's decision only continues the trend towards glosses and legal mysticism, with the Court expressing concern over patents on the "building blocks" of "human ingenuity" or the "modern economy," or covering "fundamental practices" "long prevalent" in the field.  What is a "building block"? What is "fundamental"? How is a court or a patent examiner supposed to figure that out?


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